Watercolour: Cottage By The Sea 水彩画:海边的小屋


This little fisherman•s cottage is found in the Cleggan area in Co Galway in the West of Ireland. The little inlet gives sheltered anchorage for the little fishing boats. I painted this picture sitting in the laneway leading up to the cottage one lovely afternoon. There are plenty of different elements in this picture to keep us busy so let•s get started and Have Some More Fun!

这一渔民的小屋坐落于爱尔兰西岸戈尔韦的Cleggan地区。这个小的入海口成了渔船的停泊处。我在一个美丽的下午坐在通往小屋的小道上。画中有很多要画的东西,我们会很忙,所以让我们开始画吧,享受更多乐趣。

Watercolour Cottage By The Sea

Remember... You can already paint!

记住,你已经会画画。

________________________________________


Materials:

Equipment

•A sheet of 7×10,140 lb

•Cotman Watercolour paper

•Masking Fluid

•Water container

•cloths

•pencil

•ruler and eraser

•Palette or White Plate
A stiff board.

Paints & Brushes

•Cobalt Blue

•Raw Sienna

•Lemon Yellow

•Burnt Umber

•Light Red

•Alizerine Crimson1/4″ Nylon Brush

•¾ inch Simply Painting Goathair brush

•the no 6 round nylon brush

•the no 3 Simply Painting rigger

•an old brush for the masking fluid

"You can use any materials but I would recommend using the Simply Painting materials."

Frank Clarke

________________________________________

Finished Image preview

预览完成的作品



Step 01

First of all we take our piece of paper and we affix it on all four sides to our board and ensure that the board is tilted towards you.

首先我们拿出我们画纸把四个角固定到画板上确保竖着倾向你。


Step 02

Then with a ruler and pencil go up about 1/3 of the way up the page from the bottom and draw your horizon line.

然后用尺和铅笔在纸的从下往上1/3处画一条地平线。


Step 03

Now keep the pencil in your hand and on the right-hand side of your paper, above the horizon line draw in the outline of your little cottage. Draw the letter V upside down.

现在拿着你的铅笔在地平线上方和纸的右边,画小屋的轮廓(画一个反过来的V)。


Step 04

Now a second “v” upside down to the left of the first one, leave a gap between them.

现在在第一个的左边画第二个倒过来的V,中间留一点空间。


Step 05

Next join the top of the upside down “V”.

现在把两个V的上边连起来。


Step 06

Now join the bottom.

下边也连起来。


Step 07

Put a wall on the house.

把墙加上去。


Step 08

Draw a box or chimney in the center of the roof.

在房顶的中间画一个烟囱盒子。


Step 09

Finish the chimney.

完成烟囱。


Step 10

Draw the door, two downward lines.

画门,两条向下的直线。


Step 11

Window, one drawn half way down the wall, start from the roof.

窗户,一个画在墙的中间,从房顶往下画。


Step 12

Now a second window。

然后是第二个窗。


Step 13

Rub out the line on the roof.

把房顶的线擦掉。


Step 14

That’s it for the cottage.

房子画好了。


Step 15

Now just lightly draw in the ground underneath the cottage right across, keeping above the horizon line,- refer to finishe dpicture- Lastly down the bottom of the page put in some rocks and two stakes.

现在轻轻地画出房子下边的地面,画在地平线的上方。对着完成的作品,在底部画一些岩石,已经上面的两根木棍。


Step 16

Now lightly draw in the inlet, which comes down like that on the right-hand side, and  draw in the outline of our currach, our little rowing boat. The boat looks a bit like a banana. That completes our sketching.

现在轻轻地画出入口,看上去像是在右手边,然后在入口处画上小船。船看上去像个香蕉。

轮廓画完了。


Step 17

We want to protect certain parts of the paper while being able to paint over it without staining the paper itself. So what we do is we use a substance called masking fluid. What you do is you take your brush and you paint the area that you want protected with masking fluid which is a latex rubber compound. Then you let it dry and what happens is it creates a film to protect the area covered. This allows us to carry on painting, ignoring and painting over the protected area. When we are finished we can rub off the masking fluid, leaving a white outline of the protected area. Now there are a couple of things you have to be careful of with masking fluid.

The first is because it is a latex rubber compound it can damage your brush but there is a way to protect it and this is what you do. Take your brush, preferably an old one (nylon is the best), and stick it into the water and dry it a little bit and then into the compound. Then start to cover the area you want to protect, at the same time counting up to 20. When you get to 20, stop, take your brush, clean it in the water and back into the fluid again and recommence. This will stop or prevent the masking fluid from congealing on your brush and actually turning your brush into a lump of solidified rubber, which is very hard to clean. So remember the golden rule, count to 20, clean the brush, count to 20, clean the brush, count to 20, clean the brush and do this all the way through the time you are using the masking fluid and your brush will be fine.

我们要在画的同时保护画的某个部分不让其受到污损。所以我们用一种被称作留白液的东西。你所要做的是用画笔把留白液画到你想要保护的区域,留白液是一种乳液和橡胶的混合物。然后你让它干,之后要保护的区域就产生了一层膜。这让我们可以继续绘画而不用管是否会画到那个区域上去。画完以后我们用橡皮把留白液擦掉,该区域就变成一个白色的区域。关于留白液有一些你需要注意的事。

首先,留白液是一种乳液和橡胶的混合物,会损害你的画笔,有一种方法可以保护画笔,这是你需要做的。拿出你的画笔,最好是旧的(尼龙的),浸入水里然后稍微干一下,再浸入留白液。然后开始覆盖你要保护的区域,同时数到20.当数到20的时候停下,洗净画笔,再回头浸入留白液重新画。这可以防止留白液凝结在画笔上,把画笔变成块状的固体橡皮,洗也洗不掉。所以记住黄金法则,数到20,洗笔,数到20,洗笔,数到20,洗笔。在你使用留白液的任何时候都这样做,你的画笔就会没事。


Step 18

You will notice that I have covered the cottage and the two stakes with masking fluid because those are the areas that I want to protect for the moment.

你注意到我已经用留白液把房子和两根木桩遮盖掉了,因为这是我们需要保护的区域。


Step 19

Now, wash your brush well and replace the top on the masking fluid. Then leave your picture to dry for about 5 minutes at least or use the hairdryer if you have one.

现在,洗净画笔上的留白液。然后让你的画干至少5分钟,或者用吹风机。


Step 20

Starting with the sky as usual, put our some of the raw sienna paint and using the 3/4″ goathair brush paint a weak mixture, it’s called a wash, down as far as the piece of land just above the horizon line.

跟往常一样从天空开始画,挤一些生赭用水调得浅一些,用3/4英寸的羊毛画笔,这被称作洗刷,快速地刷过地平线上的地方。


Step 21

Make sure to paint over the cottage, don’t try to go around it, the whole idea of using the masking fluid is to prevent you having to paint around it.确保颜料盖过房子,不要试着绕过它,使用留白液的目的就是避免你绕着它画。


Step 22

Then, while the paper is still wet, clean your brush and go into the cobalt blue and paint some blue colour, starting once again from the top of the paper, down the page leaving out some blank spots.

然后,当画纸还是湿的时候,洗净你的画笔,粘一些钴蓝从纸的顶部再次画一遍,画下来的时候留一些空白的区域。


Step 23

Now the third stage, take some light red and cobalt blue and mix it together, about 50% of each, and once again start from the top of the paper with this mixture, paint in some clouds. It gives you a purply colour.

现在第三部,用一些土红和钴蓝大约一比一混合,再次从纸的顶部画一些云彩,这可以带来一种紫色。


Step 24

When you have completed this let the paper dry or once again use your hairdryer, but do make sure that the paper and the pigment is dry before you proceed any further with your project.

当你画完这些的时候让画纸干一下或者用吹风机吹干,但是确保要等画纸和颜料干了以后再画下面的步骤。


Step 25

Now we come to our mountains. They are quite low this time so don’t make them too high. Using a mixture of cobalt blue and a tiny bit of the light red, about 90% 10%, quite a weak mixture, don’t make it too strong.

现在我们画山,他们很低所以不要画得太高。用钴蓝和一丁点的土红混合,比例大约是9:1. 很浅的颜色,不要太深。


Step 26

Paint in the mountains behind the cottage.

画房子背后的山。


Step 27

Let the picture dry.

让画干。


Step 28

Let’s start into the middle ground. We need to add out some more colours to do this. So put out your remaining colours of lemon yellow and burnt umber. Clean your brush, the 3/4″ goathair, and just put in a very light colour of raw sienna. Then add in a tiny bit of blue to the lemon yellow and just feed in some of that underneath the cottage, making sure that you don’t go below the horizon line.

让我们来画中间的景色。为此我们需要加一些颜色。所以去掉你用下的柠檬黄和熟褐,洗净3/4寸的画笔,仅仅用很浅的生赭,然后加入一点点蓝色和柠檬黄填入房子下面的部分,确保不要画到地平线下面。


Step 29

Now mix up some lemon yellow to your cobalt blue, making a good dark colour, and using the corner of the brush, put in the bushes behind and beside the cottage. Make sure brush is not too wet.

现在把柠檬黄和钴蓝混合,调一个深的颜色,用之前的画笔画房子后面和旁边的植物。确保画笔不要太湿。


Step 30

Clean your brush and with a mixture of raw sienna with very little lemon yellow in it go across underneath the bushes above the horizon line and just darken the ground.

洗净画笔,用生赭和很少的一点柠檬黄混合,横着在植物下方和地平线上方画,把地面加深。


Step 31

While this is still wet take some of your burnt umber and finish off the middle ground by adding in some really dark shading along the shoreline and underneath the bushes.

当这些还是湿的时候,用一些熟褐画植物下方以及岸边的深色的阴影来完成中景。


Step 32

Now continuing to work down the paper, clean your brush well, take some of the raw sienna, a very weak mixture, we are going to paint in our beach, which is in front and underneath the horizon line. This is done by running the brush with this mixture between the top of your boat and the bottom of your horizon line. Let’s make a strip across and our beach is completed. Do make sure that it is a very weak mixture.

现在继续往下画,洗净你的画笔,挤一些生赭,调得很浅,我们要画地平线前面的沙滩,从地平线下面开始画到船的上面。刷那么一条就完成了。确保颜色要很浅。


Step 33

Next it is time to put the water in. So once more clean the brush and take some of the cobalt blue with a tiny bit of the lemon yellow, this gives it a kind of a greeny mixture. Now when I say a tiny bit I mean 90% blue and 10% yellow.

然后把水画进去。再次洗净画笔用一些钴蓝和一点点柠檬黄,这可以给我们一种带绿色的颜色。我说一点点就是90%的蓝色和10%的黄色。


Step 34

Place the brush onto the paper and go straight across over the boat and repeat this right down to the rocks and around them. It may take several strokes with the brush to create this effect but that’s fine, take your time. Be happy with it. Now, stop and once again let your paper dry or dry it with your hairdryer.

把画笔放到纸上,直接画过小船,在重复着往下画到岩石周围。这可能需要画好几笔,但是没事,慢慢来。享受其中。现在,停下来等画干或者用吹风机吹干。


Step 35

Its time to make up a nice green mixture of paint, that’s done using some raw sienna, lemon yellow and a little bit of cobalt blue.

现在调一个漂亮的绿色,可以用一些生赭,柠檬黄和一小点钴蓝色。


Step 36

Then with downward strokes let’s put in the little jetties of land on the left and right-hand side of the picture.

然后画到下面我们来在左边画出一个小码头,以及画的右边。


Step 37

First, using the mixture of raw sienna, lemon yellow and blue, paint in the main block, and then add in some of the light red to create a darker colour.

首先,用生赭,柠檬黄和蓝色混合,来画主色,然后加入一些土红来点缀些深的颜色。


Step 38

Now let’s create some ripples in the water. So with the No. 3 rigger brush, make up a weak mixture of cobalt blue with a tiny bit of raw sienna in it.

现在我们来创造些水中的波浪。用3号尖头画笔,调一个浅的钴蓝加一点点生赭。


Step 39

Paint across the water, making sure that the lines you create are parallel with your horizon line.

横着画穿过水面,确保你画的线条和地平线平行。


Step 40

Now take your rigger brush and get some burnt umber and create some lines on the beach to represent dark pieces of mud and rock, etc.

现在用尖头画笔调一些熟褐在沙滩上画几根线条代表泥土和石头等。


Step 41

Then do the same with the piece of land on the left-hand side of the picture where it meets the sea to create a dark area.

然后在地面的左边碰到水的地方同样地画一些阴影。


Step 42

Do the same on the other side.

另一边也一样。


Step 43

The rocks are next and for that we need to make up a rock colour. This is a mixture of cobalt blue and burnt umber and then using the 3/4″ goathair brush using downward, sideway strokes paint in the rocks.

接下来画石头,所以我们要调一个石头的颜色。那是用钴蓝和熟褐调色,然后用3/4寸的羊毛笔向下用 画笔的一边画石头。


Step 44

You can vary the shade by using more or less water. Less water, the darker, more water the lighter the shade.

你可以通过增多和减少水的比例来获得不同深浅面,少一点水就深,多点水就浅。


Step 45

Now comes time to remove the masking fluid. First make sure the picture is absolutely dry before you start this otherwise you will leave marks on the paper as you rub off the masking fluid. Now, here is how you remove the masking fluid – use your finger and rubbing towards the center of the cottage peal off the masking fluid.

现在是时候去掉留白液了。首先在你开始前要确保画已经彻底干了,不然当你擦掉留白液的时候会留下痕迹。你应该这样去掉留白液:用你的手指向房子的中央擦来剥掉留白液。


Step 46

The reason I say moving towards the center of the cottage is because if the paper happens to tear, as it sometimes can, you won’t then tear a piece up into the sky and thereby damaging your painting.

我这么向房子中间擦的原因是如果纸被撕破了,有时的确会这样,那么你就不会撕到天空中破坏你的画了。


Step 47

Do the same with the two fence posts.

还有两个木杆也一样这么做。


Step 48

We now have three white areas.

现在我们有三个白色的区域。


Step 49


Step 50

We can now start to put the roof on our cottage. This is done with the rigger brush using some raw sienna and a little of the burnt umber to create a thatch colour. Start from the top of the roof and work down to the eaves. When you reach the eaves, and while the painting is still wet, with burnt umber on the tip of your rigger brush, go across the eaves from one side to the other, just tipping the brush on the underside. Now once more dry your cottage roof.

现在我们画房顶楼。这是要用尖头画笔,调一些生赭和一点熟褐可以得到茅草的颜色。从房顶开始向下画到屋檐。当你画到屋檐的时候,趁这时候还没有干,在笔尖上粘一点熟褐横着画屋檐,从一边画到另一边,轻轻地点缀在房顶下方。现在让你的房顶干。


Step 51

Then with a little blue and a little light red make up a shadowy colour, almost purple, very light, and paint the portion of your cottage, which is in shadow. This will be the front of it and one side of the chimney. Now leave it to dry.

然后用一点蓝色和一点土红色调出一个阴影的颜色,几乎是紫色的,很浅地颜色来画房子的一部分(阴影部分)。这是房子的前部以及烟囱的一边。


Step 52

While it is drying carrying on down your page, mix some blue and some brown to give you a good dark colour and paint in your boat.

在它干的时候我们继续画下边的东西,调和一些蓝色和一些熟褐来得到一个深色,用来画船。


Step 53

Now put a little shadow under the boat with the same mixture.

现在在船的下面画一个同样颜色的阴影。


Step 54

Next with the rigger paint in the rope from the boat to the land.

然后用尖头画笔画一根绳子从船连到陆地。


Step 55


Step 56

Next come our two fence posts and this time, we first of all make a mixture of burnt umber and raw sienna and paint the left- hand side of each of the posts. Then while they are still wet add in a darker mixture, which is the cobalt blue and burnt umber, the same colour you used for the boat. So you see the light is coming from the right-hand side of the posts as it is hitting the end of the cottage.We need first of all go back to our cottage and put in our door, which is done with light red and the rigger brush.

然后画两个围栏,这次我们先调和熟褐和生赭来画每根木杆的右边。然后趁他们还没有干加入一个深一点的颜色,即钴蓝加熟褐,和你画船的颜色一样。所以你可以看到阳光是从木杆的右边照过来的。房子快干了,我们需要先回来加上们,这颜色是用土红来画的,用尖头画笔。


Step 57

Then into the dark colours add in our windows, they are just two little dabs of paint, using downward strokes Now add in some wire and we are starting to come to the end of this picture.

然后用深色画窗户,那只需要两笔向下点出来就行。现在加上铁丝,我们快要画完了。


Step 58

Now we will add in our Rick of turf at the end of our little cottage, which is always customary in Irish cottages. This is made up of burnt umber and a little bit of the cobalt blue to make it a good dark shade using the rigger brush.

Now let’s add in some really dark reeds around the rocks. This is just done with some downward strokes of the goathair brush, making sure that it is absolutely dry or as nearly dry as you can get it, so that it splits.

现在我们要在房子的墙角加上泥炭堆,这是爱尔兰房子的习惯。这是用熟褐和一点钴蓝来调的深色,然后用尖头画笔画上去。

现在我们在石头边上加一些很深的芦苇,这是用羊毛画笔向下抹出来的,确保画笔是彻底干的,这样芦苇才能一根根分开。


Step 59

Now all that remains is to put in Joe, the bird, and maybe a couple of pals and then sign it.

现在还剩下小鸟Joe,或许还有一些它的朋友。然后签名。